The Integrated Design Process


    he Integrated Design Process is a design method for high-performance buildings that has its basis on cross-disciplinary collaboration. The main benefits are found in energy efficiency, costs and overall performances.

Experts of different disciplines, such as architecture, energy consultancy, indoor climate, HVAC systems, structures (the more, the better), concur together on the common design goals and criteria, avoiding conflicts and sharing their knowledge to find holistic answers to complex problems.

The integrated approach emphasises early-stage design: up to 70% of the design choices are taken in the first 10% of the design process. The main advantages of early-stage decision making are the high impact and the low costs arising from changes in the project.

An integrated approach is iterative, rather than linear, allowing for multi-disciplinary inputs and early spotting of problems. Synergy is the keyword: with an Integrated Design Process the disciplines of architecture and engineering are no longer a limit to each other, but a reciprocal answer and solution to common problems and goals.

Traditional Design


Linear approach


More decisions made by fewer people


Systems considered in isolation


Emphasis on up-front costs and benefits


Less time and collaboration in early stages

Integrated Design


Whole systems approach


Cross-disciplinary team 


Systems considered in relationship to others


Emphasis on life-cycle costs and benefits


Front-loaded time and early collaboration